Madrid is home to so many awesome structures and sights, with many of these having historical significance. From Plaza Mayor to the Royal Palace, these are a few structures that really manage to showcase Madrid’s architectural highlights.
Construction of the Almudena Cathedral began in 1879, but, due to it being abandoned for a while, was only completed in 1993, after which it was consecrated by Pope John Paul II. The cathedral is extraordinarily grand, and while its exterior may seem traditional, its Neo-Gothic interior is actually wonderfully modern, featuring work by a range of contemporary artists.
Completed in 1619, Plaza Mayor is built in a traditional Herrerian style, which can easily be seen through its towering slate spires. This is the main square of the city and is also one of the prettiest sights that you will see in Madrid, with its cobblestone streets surrounded by apartments with wrought-iron balconies and 17th-century frescoes. Over the years, this site has seen a number of different events take place, from royal ceremonies to bullfights, and today is home to an enchanting array of historical monuments, restaurants, bars, and shops.
The Royal Palace
The Royal Palace is most definitely one of Madrid’s finest structures and will impress you with both its exterior as well as its interior. This Italianate Baroque landmark was completed in 1764 and boasts almost 3000 rooms, 50 of which are open for the public to explore.
Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural de Espana
While Madrid does boast a number of magnificent historical structures, it also has buildings that feature contemporary architectural styles, providing a beautiful contrast to the city. The Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural de Espana structure is the perfect example of this, as this structure has a circular shape, with a roof adorned with pointed elements, leading to its nickname of the Crown of Thorns. While the purpose of the building seems to be constantly changing, it still attracts a number of architecture buffs from all over the world, not only because of its unique design but also because of how complex construction would have been.
Plaza de Toros Monumental de Las Ventas
Whether you love it or you hate it, bullfighting has long since been a part of Spain’s history and traditions, and Las Ventas was always at the very heart of this. Plaza de Toros Monumental de Las Ventas is one of the largest bullfighting rings in the world and has been designed in a Moorish architectural style, complete with a massive arena that can seat up to 23,000 spectators. There are guided tours of this ring so that you can learn more about its history, as well as the fights that went on here, and these tours will take you out onto the sand, as well as into the royal box.
Just about anywhere you go in Madrid, you will come across a number of different awesome structures and sights. From historical squares to contemporary buildings, Madrid is a city that really showcases some of the world’s finest architecture.