When travelling overseas, there are several health risks that you should be aware of, no matter where you may be travelling to. From drinking contaminated water to suffering from an illness brought on by an insect bite, these health risks can all be avoided by taking the necessary precautions.
From Asia to South America to the Middle East, travellers all over the world often end up drinking contaminated water, which can then lead to a number of different illnesses, including E. coli, salmonella and cholera. The reason for this is because the local water contains pathogens that the traveller’s immune system is not used to, which is why locals are able to drink the water with absolutely no problems. The best way to protect yourself from this is by sticking to bottled water, or by boiling tap water before drinking. Since freezing water does not kill any pathogens, you also need to make sure that any ice in your drink has been boiled first, otherwise, it would be best to just go without the ice.
There are many different travel-related diseases that are transmitted by insects, be they mosquitoes, flies, ticks or fleas. When travelling to a destination that is rife with insects, it is important to be aware of the different diseases that they can cause before you arrive, making sure that you would be able to recognise any symptoms. You should also check what their peak biting times are, as different insects are at their busiest at various points of the day. Keeping your skin well covered is the best way to prevent insects from biting, while an insect repellent would also be a wise choice. If you find that the insects at your destination tend to bite while you are asleep, it would be worth investing in a net to sleep underneath, as well as accommodation that is fully enclosed and air conditioned.
Travelling to a hot country to soak up some sun is always popular, but you need to ensure that you keep yourself protected from the many common heat-related illnesses that often strike unsuspecting travellers. While everybody is at risk from these, elderly and child travellers are much more susceptible, so extra care needs to be taken. From sun burn to heatstroke, it is essential that you make sun protection a priority when in a hot country, not only with the use of sunscreen, but also by limiting the amount of time that you spend under the intense rays of the sun. You should also be keeping your body well-hydrated by drinking plenty of water, as this will go a long way in preventing heat-related illnesses.
While you may not yet have encountered any health issues while travelling, it is still important to be aware of them, so that you never find yourself caught off guard. From ensuring that you always have an effective insect repellent with you to making the effort to boil any tap water before drinking it, these steps will help to keep you safe and healthy no matter where you are travelling to.